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Georg Weber

Alsatian father off to war

Born: 2 Oct 1759 at Walbourg, Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France

Married:

(1) 29 Feb 1780
at Mertzwiller, Bas Rhin, Alsace, France to Anna Maria Meyer
(2) to Catherine Koehl
Died:
 1 May 1832 at Mertzwiller, Bas Rhin, Alsace, France

Family Tree: 
Georg Weber in Family Genes
Family Lineage
: Georg Weber (Jean Georges4)(Jean Jacques3)( Michael2) (Jacob1)

Contributor:
 Jim Benedict

Parents:

Children:

  1. Catharina Weber
  2. Joseph Weber
  3. Barbara Weber
  4. Jean George Weber
  5. Michel Weber
  6. George Weber

Backdrop

There is little source information on Georg Weber (1759-1832).  His predecessors are also lacking any documentation at this time.  All other information on birth, death and children were provided by correspondence from Richard Baechler.1

French Reign of Terror and the “Great Flight” from Alsace2

The French Revolution in 1789 affected Alsace no less than it affected all of France and all of Europe. In Alsace, many citizens were executed in the guillotine during the Reign of Terror. The church was suppressed. In Soufflenheim, just 24 kilometers east of Mertzwiller, the church was burned, destroying the church records.

Peasants fleeing the invasion

In October 1793, Prussia and Austria invaded northern Alsace, as part of their campaign to restore the French monarchy. The French Army drove the invaders out, and then the French Revolutionary government threatened reprisals against the Alsatian population, whom they accused of being German collaborators. Alarmed, many people left their homes in Alsace and headed east and north into German territories such as Baden and the Palatinate. This is known as la Grande Fuite, “the Great Flight.”

Perhaps 40,000 people fled, which would represent nearly 10% of the population of Bas-Rhin (northern Alsace). Most of the refugees were from the districts of Wissembourg and Hagenau (11 kilometers southeast of Mertzwiller). The French government made several half-hearted decrees allowing the refugees to return, but many conditions were specified which made returning unfeasible for many. Finally, in 1799, the French government allowed the unconditional return of the refugees, but most returned impoverished and unable to reclaim their former property.

Marriage of his son, George

The marriage register of 1830 for his son, George (1801-1852) does have the names of the groom’s father and mother as: “George Weber” and “Anna Maria Meyer”.  The age of 71 years is shown, which confirms the birth year of 1759.

Image from the marriage register for his son, George Weber. 
Translation: Legitimate son of George weber, ????, profession of laborer, domiciled at Mertzwiller, Bas-Rhin, age of 71 years, and son of Anna Marie Meyer.

George or Georg?

Researchers record either spelling, depending on their source material, or by duplicating from other family searchers.  The ‘Georg’ version was contained in material from Richard Baechler.  Both Georg Weber and his son George Weber put their signature on the marriage register, mentioned next, and it looks like Weber Sr. signs without the ‘e’.  See the image on the right; the son signing first and then the father signing below, and judge for yourself.  And it makes it easier to separate the two ancestors.


Footnotes

  1. Per email from Richard Baechler to Jim Benedict on 16 Dec 2011. []
  2. From “A History of Alsace []