Family Genes https://www.familygenes.ca The Study of families in Alberta Tue, 27 Sep 2022 02:12:08 +0000 en-CA hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=6.1.1 https://www.familygenes.ca/wp-content/uploads/2022/10/family-genes_favicon-150x150.png Family Genes https://www.familygenes.ca 32 32 WEBER, Georg (1759-1832) https://www.familygenes.ca/bio/weber-georg-1759-1832/ Sat, 20 Aug 2022 21:34:13 +0000 https://www.familygenes.ca/?p=1908 ◄ to main Webber page


Georg Weber

Alsatian father off to war

Born: 2 Oct 1759 at Walbourg, Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France
Married:
(1) 29 Feb 1780
at Mertzwiller, Bas Rhin, Alsace, France to Anna Maria Meyer
(2) to Catherine Koehl
Died:
 1 May 1832 at Mertzwiller, Bas Rhin, Alsace, France
Family Tree: Georg Weber in Family Genes
Family Lineage
: Georg Weber (Jean Georges4)(Jean Jacques3)( Michael2) (Jacob1)
Contributor: Jim Benedict

Parents:


Children:

  1. Catharina Weber
  2. Joseph Weber
  3. Barbara Weber
  4. Jean George Weber
  5. Michel Weber
  6. George Weber

Backdrop

There is little source information on Georg Weber (1759-1832).  His predecessors are also lacking any documentation at this time.  All other information on birth, death and children were provided by correspondence from Richard Baechler.1

French Reign of Terror and the “Great Flight” from Alsace2

The French Revolution in 1789 affected Alsace no less than it affected all of France and all of Europe. In Alsace, many citizens were executed in the guillotine during the Reign of Terror. The church was suppressed. In Soufflenheim, just 24 kilometers east of Mertzwiller, the church was burned, destroying the church records.

Peasants fleeing the invasion

In October 1793, Prussia and Austria invaded northern Alsace, as part of their campaign to restore the French monarchy. The French Army drove the invaders out, and then the French Revolutionary government threatened reprisals against the Alsatian population, whom they accused of being German collaborators. Alarmed, many people left their homes in Alsace and headed east and north into German territories such as Baden and the Palatinate. This is known as la Grande Fuite, “the Great Flight.”

Perhaps 40,000 people fled, which would represent nearly 10% of the population of Bas-Rhin (northern Alsace). Most of the refugees were from the districts of Wissembourg and Hagenau (11 kilometers southeast of Mertzwiller). The French government made several half-hearted decrees allowing the refugees to return, but many conditions were specified which made returning unfeasible for many. Finally, in 1799, the French government allowed the unconditional return of the refugees, but most returned impoverished and unable to reclaim their former property.

Marriage of his son, George

The marriage register of 1830 for his son, George (1801-1852) does have the names of the groom’s father and mother as: “George Weber” and “Anna Maria Meyer”.  The age of 71 years is shown, which confirms the birth year of 1759.

Image from the marriage register for his son, George Weber. 
Translation: Legitimate son of George weber, ????, profession of laborer, domiciled at Mertzwiller, Bas-Rhin, age of 71 years, and son of Anna Marie Meyer.

George or Georg?

Researchers record either spelling, depending on their source material, or by duplicating from other family searchers.  The ‘Georg’ version was contained in material from Richard Baechler.  Both Georg Weber and his son George Weber put their signature on the marriage register, mentioned next, and it looks like Weber Sr. signs without the ‘e’.  See the image on the right; the son signing first and then the father signing below, and judge for yourself.  And it makes it easier to separate the two ancestors.



Footnotes

  1. Per email from Richard Baechler to Jim Benedict on 16 Dec 2011.
  2. From “A History of Alsace
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WEBER, George (1801-1852) https://www.familygenes.ca/bio/weber-george-1801-1852/ Sun, 07 Aug 2022 17:29:00 +0000 https://www.familygenes.ca/?p=1870 ◄ to main Webber page


George Weber

Fair in Alsace

Born: 10 Feb 1801 at Mertzwiller, Bas Rhin, Alsace, France
Married: 18 Jan 1830 at Mertzwiller, Bas Rhin, Alsace, France to Margaretha Muckensturm
Died:
 10 April 1852 at Brumath, Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France
Family Tree: George Weber in Family Genes
Family Lineage
: George Weber (Georg5)(Jean Georges4)(Jean Jacques3)( Michael2) (Jacob1)
Contributor: Jim Benedict




Parents:

Children:

  1. Michel Weber 1832-
  2. Marie Anne Weber 1834-
  3. Madeleine Weber 1836-
  4. George Weber 1838-1842
  5. Joseph Weber 1840-1907
  6. Marguerite Weber 1843-
  7. George Weber 1845-
  8. Aloïse Weber 1852-1926

Backdrop

Alsace is a green strip between the Vosges Mountains and the Rhine Valley, once a Celtic settlement, but in modern times tugged between France and Germany. The Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 ceded her to France, but Germany kept claiming her as booty in wars. She was then captured by Germany when Otto von Bismarck won the Franco-Prussian War in 1870.
In 1827, when George was a young lad, the government imposed the Forest Code of 1827.  Although his occupation was as a journalist,1 this act had a huge impact on the people of the Bas-Rhin region, encouraging emigration to North America.  It greatly restricted the rights of access to the forests that the people had known for generations.  Such rights, needed for family living, included the gathering of wood for heating and cooking, land for cattle grazing and hunting for wild boar and deer.  The wild boar were then ruining cereal and potato crops.

George and Margaretha

Alsatian wedding

Margaretha was a daughter of Joseph Muckensturn and Maria Anna Eitheidinger and was born at Mertzwiller on 15 Feb 1806.

George and Margaretha were married in 1830.  Their marriage bann was recorded on January 3 and the marriage took place in Mertzwiller on January 18.

The Final Years for George

George Weber was killed by poachers in Brumath on 10 April 1852 at 1 in the morning. He was 51 years old.

His spouse, Margaretha, was also killed by poachers, in Mertzwiller on 22 May 1858 at 3 in the morning, at the age of 52. 2


Footnotes

  1. marriage register of 1830
  2. Per email from Richard Baechler to Jim Benedict on 16 Dec 2011.
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WEBER, Joseph (1840-1907) https://www.familygenes.ca/bio/weber-joseph-1840-1907/ Sat, 30 Jul 2022 17:41:06 +0000 https://www.familygenes.ca/?p=1779 ◄ to main Webber page

Joseph Weber

Mertzwiller

Mertzwiller, Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France

Born: 2 Aug 1840 at Mertzwiller, Bas Rhin, Alsace, France
Married: 11 Aug 1868 at Mertzwiller, Bas Rhin, Alsace, France to Catherine Ritter
Died:
 5 May 1907 at Preston, Cambridge, Ontario, Canada
Family Tree: Joseph Weber in Family Genes
Family Lineage
: Joseph Weber (George6)(Georg5)(Jean Georges4)(Jean Jacques3 )( Michael2) (Jacob1)
Contributor: Jim Benedict and Gertrude (Weber) Lawrie1



Parents:


Backdrop

Alsace is a green strip between the Vosges Mountains and the Rhine Valley, once a Celtic settlement, but in modern times tugged between France and Germany. The Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 ceded her to France, but Germany kept claiming her as booty in wars. She was still with France when Joseph and Catherina first sailed to Quebec, but Germany got her when Otto von Bismarck won the Franco-Prussian War in 187Letters to Home.

Alsace had two large emigration movements; first in 1800 to 1820, going to the Odessa region of Russia, then followed  in the 1840 to 1850 period, going to America.  Joseph took part in this second period, emigrating to North America and first arriving in Quebec, where he would be comfortable in speaking French.

Joseph’s Early Years

Joseph was the fifth child in the family of eight children.  The village of Mertzwiller is in the contested region between France and Germany, and the two countries will war over this territory since the 17th century.  Up until Joseph’s time, the region was all agricultural.  In the 19th century, industry had arrived with textile factories and forging mills.

Joseph lost his father to poachers when he was 12 of age, then also lost his mother to poachers when he was 18.2 

Catherine Ritter

Catherine Ritter was born on 5 Aug 1835 in Mertzwiller, Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France. She was the daughter of Michael Ritter and Barbe Roth. Catherine was a widow of Michael Eichedinger prior to marrying Joseph. She passed away at her home in Hanover, Ontario on 14 Feb 1901.

Joseph and Catherine

Joseph and Catherine came to Canada from the Alsace area in the mid-1800’s, settling in the Quebec region, probably because they spoke little English but were fluent in French and German. Joseph was likely in Quebec in a semi-military capacity, as England was encouraging soldiers from Europe to settle near Quebec’s unprotected southern border. 3   

Franco-Prussian War

At the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870, Joseph, a high-ranking military man according to his son, Rusey Weber, was called home to Alsace. Germany was the victor and so Joseph and his family were under German rule from 1871 until they again emigrated to Canada in April of 1886, this time to settle near relatives in the area that was later incorporated (1899) as the town of Hanover.

To Canada for Good

Hanover, Ontario has many solid brick homes and is beautiful in the summer. At the end of the 19th century, the main employer was the Knechtel Furniture Company (now absorbed by Sklar) where Joseph worked as a furniture finisher.
He was also an artist, apparently. As well as his regular work at Knechtel, Joseph was commissioned to make posters for the railway to attract immigrants to Canada. These were unsigned and so impossible to trace.

Their Children

Michael Weber; Joseph Weber; Rosalie Weber (1869- ); Karl Charles Weber (1872- ); Barbara Weber (1874- ); Georg Weber (1875- ); Barbara Weber (1876- )’ Emil “Rusey” Weber (1879-); Eugene Weber (1881- )


Letters to Home

Joseph Weber

Letter to home – with Joseph Weber signature

My dear brother, I take pen in hand to write a few lines, I am in good health and hope that my letter you will find you, your wife and children as healthy. That He leaves me, my dear brother, I have already written twice and I’ve never had any response to my letters, I do not see why you do not write. Ais I do things wrong so that you would like to me. About the bad guys, we’re so far away. One of the other we can not do any throwing a stone in the garden of the other, and if once I have hurts, I beg you to forgive me. My dear brother, I want to send news of my situation in America, I had barely time when my wife passed away three years ago, I am now a widower for 3 years when my wife died. My eldest daughter came to live in my house last year.

Working in Hanover

Knechtel Furniture Factory in Hanover, Ont.

The Knechtel Furniture Company originated in 1864 when Daniel Knechtel traveled to Western Ontario to build furniture and other wood products for the settlers in the area. Knechtel found enough success with his furniture business to build a factory and employ more than 30 workers within the next decade.
In the 1880s, the company also operated a short-lived retail store that sold groceries and clothing, as well as furniture. The store front even offered undertaking services and a hearse for hire. The business expanded to a large brick building, which a fire destroyed in 1900. The company soon rebuilt and resumed business, continuing to expand the factory to accommodate increasing business.

The Final Years for Joseph and Catherine


conversation with Weir Webber March 12, 2003.

After Catherine passed away, Joseph had been spending much of his time in Preston at his son’s house, Joseph Jr.

The obituary for Joseph Weber appeared in the May 9th, 1907 issue of the Hanover Post newspaper and gave his death as the fifth of May, 1907 in Preston, Ontario.  The notice was brief: Joseph and Catherine are both buried in the Hanover Roman Catholic graveyard, in Plot #13. The gravesite records are in the Town Hall. Interestingly, the next plot #14 is for the Burns family. Tommy Burns, the only Canadian to win the World Heavyweight Championship, in 1906, was possibly a nephew of Joseph Weber, a family story to be proven sometime in the future. Tommy likely worked in the same furniture factory as a young man.

Footnotes

  1. Who’s That Sitting in our Family Tree? Written and privately published by Gertrude (Webber) Lawrie, 1988.
  2. Per email from Richard Baechler to Jim Benedict on 16 Dec 2011.
  3. The Quebec story is per Gertrude Lawrie, but no supporting documents have been located yet
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WEBER, Jean Georges (1727-1786) https://www.familygenes.ca/bio/weber-jean-georges-1727-1786/ Fri, 24 Jun 2022 21:20:55 +0000 https://www.familygenes.ca/?p=1565 ◄ to main Webber page

Jean Georges Weber

Traditional costumes of Alsace Born: 30 October 1727 at Dauendorf, Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France
Married: 1735  to Catherine Reymann
Died:
 16 May 1786 at Mertzwiller, Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France
Family Tree: Jean Georges Weber in Family Genes
Family Lineage
: Jean Georges Weber (Hans Jean Jacob Weber3) ( Michael2) (Jacob1)
Contributor: Jim Benedict

Parents

Children

  1. Georg Weber; 1759-1832
  2. Alex Weber; 1764-
  3. Francis Weber; 1765-
  4. Romain Weber; 1766-
  5. Jean Jacob Weber; 1776-1778 (died at 2 years)
  6. Richard Weber; 1778-1789 (died at 11 years)

Backdrop

Alsace countryside

Farming countryside in Alsace, France

The French policy between 1679 and 1697 was to destroy the German lands rather than seek major military engagements. This was carried out mercilessly and brutally by a French army soldier, Ezéchiel du Mas, Comte de Mélac, or General Mélac. Under his command, numerous German towns and villages, including in Alsace, were set on fire and the livelihood of the population was destroyed.

France occupied Strasbourg in 1681 in an unprovoked action and in 1688, the army of Mélac moved into the territory of the Palatinate without provocation and conquered several cities. They also moved into the territory east of the Rhine. By 1697, the Nine Years War was concluded but Mélac stayed on as stronghold commander.

During Jean Jacob Weber’s years, Alsace retained most of its German culture. The Vosges mountains to the west tended to keep the French influence minimized and Alsace enjoyed peace and prosperity until the French Revolution in 1789. ((The Alsace Weber line was derived from genealogy research by Richard Baechler, a native Alsatian living in France.))


Footnotes

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WEBER, Jean Jacques (1686-1754) https://www.familygenes.ca/bio/weber-jean-jacques-1686-1754/ Sun, 19 Jun 2022 17:22:04 +0000 https://www.familygenes.ca/?p=1518 ◄ to main Webber page

Jean Jacques Weber

Alsace village Born: 28 Feb 1686 at Dauendorf, Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France
Married: 24 Oct 1713 at Dauendorf, Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France to Catherine Reeb
Died:
 24 Aug 1754 at Dauendorf, Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France1
Family Tree: Jean Jacques Weber in Family Genes
Family Lineage
: Jean Jacques Weber3 ( Michael2) (Jacob1)
Contributor: Jim Benedict2

Parents

Children

  1. Anna Eva Weber; 1718-
  2. Jean Michael Weber; 1720-
  3. Sébastien Weber; 1722-
  4. Jean Jacob Weber; 1724-
  5. Jean Georges Weber; 1727-1786
  6. Maria Barbara Weber; 1730-
  7. Anna Maria Weber; 1733-1733

Backdrop

General Mélac

General Mélac, in a contemporary German pamphlet. The caption reads, “True Portrait of the Murdering French Arsonist de Melacc etc.”

The French policy between 1679 and 1697 was to destroy the German lands rather than seek major military engagements. This was carried out mercilessly and brutally by a French army soldier, Ezéchiel du Mas, Comte de Mélac, or General Mélac. Under his command, numerous German towns and villages, including in Alsace, were set on fire and the livelihood of the population was destroyed. France occupied Strasbourg in 1681 in an unprovoked action and in 1688, the army of Mélac moved into the territory of the Palatinate without provocation and conquered several cities. They also moved into the territory east of the Rhine. By 1697, the Nine Years War was concluded but Mélac stayed on as stronghold commander.

During Jean Jacques Weber’s years, Alsace retained most of its German culture. The Vosges mountains to the west tended to keep the French influence minimized and Alsace enjoyed peace and prosperity until the French Revolution in 1789.

Footnotes

  1. Source:  Geneanet
  2. The Alsace Weber line was derived from genealogy research by Richard Baechler, a native Alsatian living in France.
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